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Breadcrumbs:  Home Breed Guide

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Breed Guide

Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

1. A guide for Prospective "Cavalier" Owners

A Cavalier should always be wanted primarily as a companion, even one being purchased to show and perhaps later breed.

Always buy a puppy from a specialist breeder, where you can expect to see the mother and sometimes the father. NEVER obtain a puppy from a Pet Shop, Market or Puppy Dealer. Beware of agreeing to meet people and puppies in public places, always ask to see a puppy in it's home environment.

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2. Male or Female

This is usually the second question you are asked by the breeders you speak too. Both males and females are equally affectionate but some people do not want to be bothered with a females seasons.

Similarly males do like to mark their territory, even though it maybe in doors so you will have to be persistent with toilet training.

Some people say that a spayed bitch then gets too much coat and becomes fat. So it is a pity to buy a bitch and then have her spayed just because of a little inconvenience with her half yearly season.

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3. Pet or Show

One of the first questions you will be asked by a breeder is, "Do you want a Cavalier as a Pet or to Show". The usual answer can vary from, "I just want a healthy one" or "What's the difference" or "I just want a pretty one"

All Cavaliers should first and foremost be considered as a companion, some of the best quality show potential Cavaliers just hate Dog Shows. If it is a pretty face you are after but you do not want to show or breed Cavaliers then tell the breeder.

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4. Colours

There are four recognized colours :

Black & Tan: Raven black with tan markings above the eyes, on cheeks, inside ears, on chest and legs and underside of tail. Tan should be bright. White marks undesirable.

Ruby: Whole colour rich red. White marks undesirable.

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5. Breed Standard

A Breed Standard is the guideline which describes the ideal characteristics, temperament and appearance of a breed and ensures that the breed is fit for function. Absolute soundness is essential. Breeders and judges should at all times be careful to avoid obvious conditions or exaggerations which would be detrimental in any way to the health, welfare or soundness of this breed. From time to time certain conditions or exaggerations may be considered to have the potential to affect dogs in some breeds adversely, and judges and breeders are requested to refer to the Kennel Club website for details of any such current issues. If a feature or quality is desirable it should only be present in the right measure. However if a dog possesses a feature, characteristic or colour described as undesirable or highly undesirable it is strongly recommended that it should not be rewarded in the ring.

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6. Preparing to take your new Puppy Home

Firstly ensure that your garden is completely escape proof, puppies and older Cavaliers will find all the holes you have in the fence and can get caught in wrought iron gates. Consider putting plastic mesh over the bottom half of these types of gate.

Take extra care if you have a garden pond.

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7. Your responsibilities

In England by law your Cavalier must wear a collar when in a public place, bearing your name and address. Remember to check regularly that the tag is still in place and change the address if you take your dog on holiday with you.

Various Acts of Parliament place responsibility on YOU for any accidents or damage caused by your dog. Check your household insurance policy or think about taking out one of the many specialist dog insurances with one of the Pet Insurance Companies.

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8. Feeding

Your breeder should have given you a diet sheet and possibly a small supply of what ever food the puppy had been eating. this should list quantities and feeding times. As a young puppy develops the amount of food should increase.

In the first few days whilst trying to acclimatize to new surroundings a puppy may loose its appetite and often you will be tempted to try all sorts of food in desperation. A call to the breeder is the better course of action as they will often know exactly what that particular dogs favourites are. Remember he may have had to compete for attention at meal times, now on his own he has no reason to hurry his meal.

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9. Health Issues

Vaccinations: Consult your breeder if the vaccination programme has not been completed to ensure the correct dosage. Adult vaccination should be given annually.

Teeth: Puppies start getting their 42 permanent teeth between 16 and 30 weeks. Check regularly to ensure each baby tooth is replaced with an adult one. Rawhide chewbones help with teething but don't buy enormous ones designed for bigger dogs. Do not feed cooked meat bones and never chicken or pork but use raw beef marrow bones.

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